作者：Xinxia Li, Encong Gong, Jiang Gu
To assess the feasibility, including diagnostic accuracy and time cost, of a real-time telepathology system with pathologic slides, 600 cases covering a wide spectrum of lesions from 16 organ systems were tested. The "correct" diagnosis (gold standard) was established as a consensus by 2 experienced pathologists. The cases were first examined by 4 pathologists at different levels of experience with dynamic telepathology. Cases were then reviewed by the same pathologists using light microscopy in a blinded fashion 3 weeks to 2 months later. A diagnosis, together with reading times for telepathology and light microscopy, was recorded for each case. Diagnostic accuracy by telepathology was 94.8% (569/600), 93.3% (560/600), 91.6% (550/600), and 97% (388/400) for pathologists A, B, C, and D, respectively. Telepathologic diagnosis was concordant with the gold standard and with direct microscopy, with a mean of 94.2% and 99.26%, respectively. Most cases (510 or 85%) were diagnosed in 15 to 40 minutes by telepathology, with a mean of 17.0 minutes. The time needed to review a slide by telepathology was 3 to 4 times longer than that of standard light microscopy. All 4 pathologists were able to render a diagnosis in all cases. Our results showed that robotic telepathology is sufficiently accurate for primary diagnosis in surgical pathology, but modifications in laboratory protocols, telepathology hardware, and internet speed are needed to reduce the time necessary for diagnosis by telepathology before this method may be deemed suitable for use in a busy practice.